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Search result for keyword "Buffer Strips". 27 results found.

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CTIC is a clearinghouse for a wide range of information on conservation agriculture. Click on one of the themes below to browse our site, or look for a particular practice or place in the search bar. Ag Consultant Resources Bees and Pollinators Buffer Strips Community Organizing Conservation Tillage Conservation Practices—Adoption Crop Residue Management (CRM) Survey Drainage Water Management Cover Crops Cover Crop Survey Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) Demonstration Projects Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) Grazing and Rangeland Hypoxia Know Your Watershed Leadership Mississippi River Basin Initiat ... more.

Demonstration: Slow Release Fertilizer

... fertilizers Plan nutrient regimen Right Time Make nutrients available when crops need them Time the application Consider controlled release technologies and inhibitors Choose fertilizer product Right Place Keep nutrients where crops can use them Choose application method Incorporate fertilizer Use buffer strips Use conservation tillage Implement cover crop systems Right Rate Match amount of fertilizer to crop needs Test soils Yield goal analysis Crop removal balance Nutrient management planning Plant tissue analysis Record keeping Variable rate technology Site-specific management Sponsors ... more.

Sidedress Phosphorus + MicroEssentials

... fertilizers Plan nutrient regimen Right Time Make nutrients available when crops need them Time the application Consider controlled release technologies and inhibitors Choose fertilizer product Right Place Keep nutrients where crops can use them Choose application method Incorporate fertilizer Use buffer strips Use conservation tillage Implement cover crop systems Right Rate Match amount of fertilizer to crop needs Test soils Yield goal analysis Crop removal balance Nutrient management planning Plant tissue analysis Record keeping Variable rate technology Site-specific management Sponsor ... more.

Demonstration: Nitrogen Application Timing

... fertilizers Plan nutrient regimen Right Time Make nutrients available when crops need them Time the application Consider controlled release technologies and inhibitors Choose fertilizer product Right Place Keep nutrients where crops can use them Choose application method Incorporate fertilizer Use buffer strips Use conservation tillage Implement cover crop systems Right Rate Match amount of fertilizer to crop needs Test soils Yield goal analysis Crop removal balance Nutrient management planning Plant tissue analysis Record keeping Variable rate technology Site-specific management Sponsors ... more.

Nitrogen Application Timing

... when crops need them + Time the application + Consider controlled release technologies and inhibitors + Choose fertilizer product Right Place Keep nutrients where crops can use them + Choose application method + Incorporate fertilizer + Use buffer strips + Use conservation tillage + Implement cover crop systems Right Rate Match amount of fertilizer to crop needs + Test soils + Yield goal analysis + Crop removal balance + Nutrient management planning + Plant tissue analys ... more.

Strip-till Nitrogen

... when crops need them + Time the application + Consider controlled release technologies and inhibitors + Choose fertilizer product Right Place Keep nutrients where crops can use them + Choose application method + Incorporate fertilizer + Use buffer strips + Use conservation tillage + Implement cover crop systems Right Rate Match amount of fertilizer to crop needs + Test soils + Yield goal analysis + Crop removal balance + Nutrient management planning + Plant tissue analysis ... more.

Slow Release Fertilizer

... them + Time the application + Consider controlled release technologies and inhibitors + Choose fertilizer product Right Place Keep nutrients where crops can use them + Choose application method + Incorporate fertilizer + Use buffer strips + Use conservation tillage + Implement cover crop systems Right Rate Match amount of fertilizer to crop needs + Test soils + Yield goal analysis + Crop removal balance + Nutrient management planning ... more.

Sidedress Phosphorus + MicroEssentials

... when crops need them + Time the application + Consider controlled release technologies and inhibitors + Choose fertilizer product Right Place Keep nutrients where crops can use them + Choose application method + Incorporate fertilizer + Use buffer strips + Use conservation tillage + Implement cover crop systems Right Rate Match amount of fertilizer to crop needs + Test soils + Yield goal analysis + Crop removal balance + Nutrient management planning + Plant tissue analysis ... more.

Conservation Buffers Fact Sheet

Conservation Buffer Facts Conservation Buffers are small areas or strips of land in vegetation, designed to slow water runoff, provide shelter and stabilize riparian areas. Strategically placed in the agricultural landscape, buffers can effectively mitigate the movement of sediment, nutrients, and pesticides within farm fields. Buffers include: contour buffer strips, field orders, filter strips, windbreaks, and wetlands. A small amount of land in buffers can assist producers in meeting both economic and environmental goals. Cleaner Water Located in environmentally sensitive areas, buffers provide another line of defense to filter water both surface and shallow ground water before it enters streams and lakes. Can re ... more.

Contour Buffer Strip

... rill erosion. How it helps Vegetation provides cover and habitat for small birds and animals. The strips reduce erosion by slowing water flow and increasing water infiltration. By reducing siltation and filtering nutrients and chemicals from runoff, grass strips improve water quality. Planning ahead Have you decided whether you want parallel crop strips or parallel buffer strips? Are other conservation measures such as crop residue management installed or planned to help reduce siltation of grass strips? Will planned acres in row crops meet your production objectives? Tech notes Buffer strips must be at least 15 feet wide. * Either crop strips or grass strips may be parallel. Parallel crop strips are easier to farm with no point rows, but that result ... more.

More Acres Can Also Mean More Conservation

... the 20-acre samples they previously used. “We quickly learned where we need to fertilize, and where we don’t,” said Butch Schroeder. “There are some soils we don’t even have to apply potash and phosphorus.” The Schroeders not only manage their residue, but they also apply conservation practices, such as terraces, grassed waterways, field borders, contour buffer strips and filter strips that keep the soil in place, slow runoff and maintain water quality in adjacent streams and water bodies. “We always plant on the contour regardless of the steepness of slopes,” said Schroeder. He says he has even talked prospective landlords into retiring highly erodible, damaged cropland into the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) that he could have farmed as ... more.

What are Conservation Buffers?

Conservation Buffers Conservation buffers are small areas or strips of land in permanent vegetation, designed to slow water runoff, provide shelter and stabilize riparian areas. Strategically placed buffer strips in the agricultural landscape can effectively mitigate the movement of sediment, nutrients, and pesticides within farm fields and from farm fields. Buffers include: contour buffer strips, field borders, filter strips, grassed waterways, living snow fences, riparian buffers, shelterbelts/windbreaks, (grass, shrubs and trees), and wetlands. The small amount of land taken out of production ... more.

Filter Strip

A strip of grass, trees or shrubs that filters runoff and removes sediment, fertilizer, and pesticides before they reach water bodies or water sources including wells. How it works Strips of grass, trees and/or shrubs slow water flow and cause contaminants like sediment, pesticides, and fertilizers to collect in vegetation. Collected nutrients are used by the vegetation, rather than entering water supplies. Filtered water then enters water bodies. How it helps Grass, trees and shrubs provide cover for small birds and animals. Ground cover reduces soil erosion. The vege ... more.

Stream Protection

Protecting a stream by excluding livestock and by establishing buffer zones of vegetation to filter runoff. How it works Grass, riprap and gabions are installed along the edges of a stream to buffer the banks from heavy stream flow and reduce erosion. Fencing prevents cattle from trampling banks, destroying vegetation and stirring ... more.

Countour Strip Cropping

Contour Strip- cropping Crop rotation and contouring combined in equal-width strips of corn or soybeans planted on the contour and alternated with strips of oats, grass or legumes. How it works Crops are arranged so that a strip of meadow or small grain is alternated with a strip of row crop. Not more than half a field can be planted to row crops. Meadow slows runoff, increases infiltration, traps sediment and provides surface cover. Ridges formed by contoured rows slow wate ... more.

Field Border

... it works Strips of perennial vegetation are established at the outside edges of a field where excessive sheet and rill erosion is occurring. The grass or legume strips replace crop end rows, which would be planted up and down hill and be highly erosive. Field borders are sometimes referred to as picture frames of grass, and are used with contour farming, terrace, buffer strip and contour stripcropping systems. The grass or legume in the strip protects steep field edges from soil erosion, and provides turning and travel lanes around the field. How it helps Vegetative cover reduces sheet and rill erosion by slowing water flow. Vegetation filters runoff to improve water quality. Grass and legume strips may be harvested in some cases and are easier to tu ... more.

Tillage Type Definitions

... or more of the soil surface with crop residue, after planting, to reduce soil erosion by water. Where soil erosion by wind is the primary concern, any system that maintains at least 1,000 pounds per acre of flat, small grain residue equivalent on the surface throughout the critical wind erosion period. No-till/strip-till The soil is left undisturbed from harvest to planting except for strips up to 1/3 of the row width (strips may involve only residue disturbance or may include soil disturbance). Planting or drilling is accomplished using disc openers, coulter(s), row cleaners, in-row chisels or roto-tillers. Weed control is accomplished primarily with crop protection products. Cultivation may be used for emergency weed control. Other common terms used to describe No-till include dire ... more.

Integrated Manure Management: Good Neighbors, Good Business

... with feed and water and ends after the nutrients are added to the soil, says Mike Beard, who owns Meadowlane Farm with his son Dave, son-in-law Chris, and two stepbrothers. Together they raise 15,000 pigs per cycle from weaning (at about 10 to 13 pounds) to finish (at 270 pounds). The family also farms about 1,300 acres of corn and soybeans, with forest, wetland and waterways preserved and buffered around the operation. Less in, less out Beard is a big fan of the fertilizer value of manure, but he’s also dedicated to minimizing its nutrient content on a pound-for-pound basis. That effort starts at the feed trough, where careful ration formulation minimizes the amount of excess nutrients the pigs consume. Obviously, a 200-pound hog requires a di ... more.

Feature Story June 2010

... farmers worked with a certified crop adviser to evaluate nutrient comparisons on their own farms. Farmers compared their own nutrient application rates with either a higher or lower application rate. Upon completion of the program, the farmer and certified crop adviser received an economic analysis based on the farmer’s actual nutrient costs and yields from replicated strips. To compensate the farmer’s time and to offset the crop adviser’s fees, the farmer receives $1,200.00. In 2006, program coordinators launched the NMI as a pilot program. It has now grown to over 150 on- farm trials in southern Minnesota. The Minnesota Department of Agriculture assists through program promotion, data collection, data compilation, and education ... more.

2015 Tour Wrap-Up

From the cover crops of the Hmong American Farmers Association farm near Hastings to Northfield farmer Dave Legvold’s saturated buffers and the impeccable dairy and manure handling system at Burfeind Dairy Farm near Goodhue, participants in the Conservation Technology Information Center’s (CTIC) eighth annual Conservation in Action Tour got a first-hand look at systems that protect water quality, build soil health and improve farm profitability. What people enjoyed most about the tour: The opportunity to see c ... more.

Manure Storage

... fertilizer costs and reduces nutrient losses. Allows for field application when conditions are right. Planning ahead Is the structure planned for the proper location considering the landscape, potential odor problems, visibility, aesthetic value and compatibility with existing farm buildings? Will the structure store manure in a form you have the equipment to handle? Are there buffer zones of vegetation around the structure to filter any runoff and to improve appearance? Is the structure the right size to handle the amount of manure produced by your livestock during the planned storage period? Tech notes Storage period should be determined by manure use schedule. Plan to empty at least twice a year. If manure is stored as a solid, it should be protected from p ... more.

Riparian Buffer Systems

Webinar: TARGETED BMPS TO MAXIMIZE RUNOFF REDUCTION

FREE WEBINAR, FEBRUARY 28, 2012 A free, one-hour webinar on Thursday, February 28, will share seven years of lessons learned in Wisconsin's Pecatonica River watershed, where conservation practices targeted on key local farms aim for significant, efficient reductions in phosphorus loading. "Testing the Wisconsin Buffer Initiative: A Paired Watershed Study on the Pecatonica River," will be held from 1:00 to 2:00 pm Central Standard Time. Steve Richter, director of conservation, agricultural lands for The Nature Conservancy, and Pat Sutter, county conservationist for the Dane County Land Conservation Division, will detail the process of targeting farms most likely to contribute the greatest phosphorus runof ... more.

Tree Planting

... runoff and increasing infiltration rates. Healthy, well-managed woodlands provide long-term wildlife habitat. Planning ahead Is the soil suitable for producing wood crops? Is the soil suitable for the tree species you have selected? Is there a market for the species you want to plant? Do you need this land for crops or livestock? Tech notes Remove brush and till the strips of pasture or sod where trees will be planted the fall before planting. Complete spring planting by May 15. Fall planting should begin between September 1-15. * Standard forest planting spacings are 6'x6', at a rate of 1,210 trees per acre; 6'x7', 1,037 trees per acre; 6'x8', 908 trees per acre. Tree seedlings should be planted within seven days of their arrival. K ... more.

Well Protection

... minimum of 100 feet down slope from the well. Apply pesticides on days with minimal wind to prevent chemical drift into farmsteads. Use an antisiphon in the hose when filling a sprayer tank to be sure chemicals will not siphon back to the well and/or keep the hose at least 6" from the top of the tank. Maintenance Keep an emergency chemical spill kit handy. Maintain any filter strips surrounding the farmstead or wellhead. Repair wellhead casing as needed. Repair any cracks in concrete pads used for chemical mixing, loading or container washing.

Pest Management

... by leaching, runoff or drift. How it helps Scouting and spot treatment for only those pests that are threatening can save money. Using fewer chemicals improves water quality. Specific treatments for specific pests on specific areas of a field prevents over-treatment of pests. Planning ahead Which soils on your farm are likely to leach pesticides? Did you establish filter strips along streams? Did you consider pest control alternatives? Did you use records of crops and pest control for reference? Did you rotate crops to reduce the chance of pest problems? Tech notes Following are guidelines to follow for applying and mixing pesticides: Complete a pesticide risk assessment of potential environmental damage from leaching or runoff. Consider this information ... more.

Diversion

... structure, or underground outlet is acceptable. Establish vegetative outlets before a diversion is constructed. Diversions should not be built in high sediment producing areas unless other conservation measures are installed too. Maintenance Keep outlet clear of debris. Keep burrowing animals out of the diversion. Maintain vegetative cover on the diversion ridge. Install filter strips above the diversion channel to trap sediment and protect the diversion, if needed. Fertilize as needed. * Check local recommendations.