Pest Management

Evaluating and using a tailored pest management system to reduce crop and environmental damages. Scouting is done to identify insects, weeds and diseases.                            

How it works

Crops are scouted to determine type of pests—insects, weeds and diseases—and the ""
stage of development. The potential damage of the pest is then weighed against the cost
of control. Finally, if pest control is economical, all alternatives are evaluated based on
cost, results, and environmental impact. Precaution is taken to keep any chemicals from
leaving the field by leaching, runoff or drift.

How it helps

Scouting and spot treatment for only those pests that are threatening can save money.
Using fewer chemicals improves water quality.
Specific treatments for specific pests on specific areas of a field prevents over-treatment of pests.

Planning ahead

Which soils on your farm are likely to leach pesticides?
Did you establish filter strips along streams?
Did you consider pest control alternatives?
Did you use records of crops and pest control for reference?
Did you rotate crops to reduce the chance of pest problems?

Tech notes

Following are guidelines to follow for applying and mixing pesticides:
Complete a pesticide risk assessment of potential environmental damage from leaching or runoff. Consider this information when selecting a pesticide.
Wear protective clothing when applying pesticides.
Mix and load pesticides in an area that won't contaminate water supplies; and prevent back siphoning.
Triple rinse containers before disposal. Burn paper bags.
Apply pesticides during periods of minimal potential for drift or runoff.
Use the lowest application rate practical and rotate pesticides.
Use spot treatment or banding when possible in areas of concentrated pest populations.
Use proper erosion control.


Continue scouting to best identify pests and control methods.
Keep records to track costs and chemical application.
Calibrate spray equipment.