Implementation of cover crops can have the following beneficial effects:

Increase soil organic matter

Increase infiltration of water into the soil

Decrease runoff to nearby waterways

Decrease soil erosion and transport to nearby waterways

Conserve soil moisture

Reduce soil compaction

Increase nutrient availability to the crop

Reduce nitrate leaching to groundwater

Supply nitrogen to following crop

Suppress weeds, potential reducing the need for herbicides

Suppress soil-born diseases and nematodes, potentially reducing the need for insecticides

Attract beneficial insects such as pollinators

Increase yields of the following crop

Improve soil quality